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Euthanasia with a Good Heart
Leah Richards, a veterinary nurse, has a deep love, compassion, and respect for all animals and hopes to be a veterinarian one day. While at last year’s Kopan course she asked Lama Zopa Rinpoche for guidance on what to do when asked to perform euthanasia on sick and suffering animals.
She wanted to know about the karma of the animal being “put to sleep;” the karma of the person performing the action; and the effect of these actions on one who has committed to the five lay vows – in particular, the vow of abstaining from killing. After all, animal euthanasia means one is deliberately killing another sentient being.
“Rinpoche reiterated several times during the meeting that his advice may differ from that of other lamas,” said Leah. “But he was confident that it is concordant with the views of His Holiness the Dalai Lama at this time.”
Rinpoche told Leah that bodhisattvas have incredibly powerful bodhichitta and strong compassion deeply ingrained in their hearts. With such, they are willing to be born in the hell realms for the sake of another sentient being – that is, to sacrifice themselves in that way for another being.
Therefore, when one kills with a true bodhichitta intention, with a heart filled with Dharma wisdom and compassion, the act actually becomes one in which it is “beneficial to kill.”
“This pure motivation behind the altruistic decision to end another sentient being’s suffering – putting them out of their misery by ending their present life while knowing absolutely that one could at that very moment be creating the karmic causes for one to be born in the hell realm – makes such a killing beneficial.”
Rinpoche went on to explain that the vow of non-killing refers to abstaining from killing that is associated with and backed by ignorance and negative attachment. It is that kind of killing that creates negative karma. Only killing with a motivation that is “totally pure” becomes a virtue.
Of course, one in such a position must do everything within their capacity to prevent such a compromising decision, to ascertain that there is no alternative treatment or other method at all possible – and even then, the decision is not an easy one.
“The decision depends on many factors – for instance, what lies ahead in future rebirths for this being, which cannot be known to a ‘non-clairvoyant.’ A sentient being’s consciousness does not stop after this life ends,” Rinpoche said.
If you were to kill a suffering animal whose karma at that moment might be such that it would be reborn into a lower realm, the pain that the animal is currently experiencing in that life (and that you are jeopardizing your own karma for) is actually worth maintaining for even just a few minutes longer, as this pain is nothing compared to what Rinpoche continued to describe as “the incomparable, unfathomable pain and severity of torture to be faced in the lower realms.”
“Again, we can see it makes for a very difficult decision! Now that the practitioner has met the Dharma, he/she must do two things:
“First, pray to Green Tara, reciting both the long and short versions of the Green Tara mantras, depending on the time available. This is a strong prayer most beneficial for the happiness of the animal.
“If you the practitioner do not have clairvoyance (as I don’t), you must rely on and make requests to a higher being to help you through their clairvoyance. This prayer to a higher being should be directed to your deity.”
Lama Zopa recommended that Leah ask Green Tara to empower her with the right decision by performing the following ritual:
- Cut out small pieces of paper, all precisely the same size.
- On each, write one possible option (alternative possible treatments). Ensure that every possibility and alternative is included in order to obtain the most accurate outcome.
- Tightly roll each piece of paper up (long-ways and filament-like) and then into a ball. Take particular care that they are identical in shape and size. One can even surround each ball of paper in dough or plasticine.
- Hold all paper options loosely in a cupped hand.
- Make a strong request to the deity for a prediction as to what is the best outcome to ensure the upmost happiness of this being. Visualize light emanating from the deity out to all paper options. Have full faith in the practice and one’s own ability.
- While making the strong prayer, circle the hand holding the paper options clockwise, accompanied with light shaking, tossing movements back and forth as the arm moves the hand around in a circle.
- Whichever ball of paper is the first to fall out of the hand – act on that exact option or treatment!
Secondly, recite out loud the Sutra for Entering the City of Vaishali. This will help to relieve the suffering animal, or any sentient being for that matter, from pain.
- Maitreya Buddha mantra. This is the best and most beneficial of mantras in such a circumstance.
- Medicine Buddha mantra.
- The five powerful purifying mantras (Kunrig, Buddha Mitrugpa, Namgyälma, Stainless Pinnacle, and Wish-Granting Wheel).
Reciting these mantras to the animal causes many great benefits: It purifies negative karma, keeps the sentient being from ever being reborn in a lower realm, facilitates their rebirth into a higher realm; and helps them to meet and encounter the Dharma in future lives. Just hearing the mantras will lead them to the path of enlightenment.
“Please note that when reciting the mantras and sutras, one can choose the long or short version of each, depending on the situation at hand and time available at that moment. You do not have to do all of them.”
Rinpoche recommends that, prior to administering the euthanasia injection and just after death, one should perform the following:
- With Medicine Buddha and Chenrezig generated in your heart and while touching the animal, send out healing light and visualize purifying the sentient being before you.
- Chant the Chenrezig mantra and the Medicine Buddha mantra into the ear of the animal. Doing this provides the causes to purify any spirit harm and negative karma.
- While picturing Chenrezig hovering just above the animal’s body and visualizing light emanating out to purify all the surroundings, blow over the animal’s body.
- Make a strong prayer for the animal to be reborn in one of the four pure lands and to receive a perfect human body.
Reciting these mantras and blowing over the body of the animal purifies the sentient being’s karma and leads the animal to a good rebirth – “the most incredible gift!”
“In the week following this meeting,” says Leah, “I received an email from Ven. Roger Kunsang with a postscript from Rinpoche reminding me “not to forget the mantras to recite in the ears of animals … any animal you come across … just loudly enough so they can hear (that is, those small animals commonly encountered on the side of the road). Rinpoche thanks all who do this!”
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To put an end to our samsaric suffering, we must do two things: One is to purify the negative actions we’ve done every day of our lives and in our infinite previous lives as well. We also have to change our minds and actions and abstain from creating further negativities.
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